A need is a human condition that becomes “energized” when people feel deficient in some respect. Fortunately, these separate endeavors are con-verging and can be effectively integrated. Psychoanalytic Theory 3. Theories like the expectancy theory of motivation, the equity theory of motivation, and the arousal theory of motivation are the most applicable to psychology. The main process theories of motivation are – Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory, Vroom’s Expectancy Theory, Adam’s Equity Theory, and Locke’s Goal Setting Theory. ADVERTISEMENTS: Three Main Theories on Motivation are 1. MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. What is Motivation? ADVERTISEMENTS: The theories of motivation, try to provide general sets of principles to guide our understanding of the urges, wants, needs, desires, strivings and goals […] The theories presented in this section focus on the importance of human needs. Contemporary Theories of Motivation Early motivation theories were based on the assumptions and sometime these theories were not supported by strong evidence. We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . Douglas McGregor proposed two theories, Theory X and Theory Y, to explain employee motivation and its implications for management. Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that These views are explained as theories of motivation. Humanistic Theory! It is a pyramid PowerPoint design because Abraham Maslow’s has arranged his conceptualizations in a pyramid sequence. The theories of motivation maybe categorized according to their definitions and purpose but critical analysis reveal that they are all linked, they lead to serving satisfaction in employees. Elizabeth C. Rodriguez Jessica Pettyjohn Chapter 11 Week 10 Motivation is the process of instigating and sustaining goal-directed behavior. Optimal-level Theory, 2. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5eda18-MjFhZ Human beings are ever-changing. The main process theories are: Skinner’s reinforcement theory, Victor Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam’s equity theory and Locke’s goal setting theory (Figure 1). If you’re interested in learning more about the top motivational theories, check out the link in the education section above. Contemporary theories of motivation incorporate equity, control and agency theory, as well as goal setting, reinforcement, and job design theory. Human needs are unlimited and go on changing continuously. There are different views on motivation. A common thread through all of them is that people have a variety of needs. Content Theories of Motivation Describe a content theory of motivation. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a good example of this approach. Therefore, alternative theories of motivation have been put forward over time. In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. The motivation Maslow’s theory ofneeds PowerPoint is such diagram that shows the different aspects of human needs and its fulfillment. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, selfishness, morality, or avoiding mortality. He divided employees into Theory X employees who avoid work and dislike responsibility and Theory Y employees who enjoy … Importance of Motivation. The diagram below shows how the different motivation theories fit within the scheme of things. Let’s now give a brief overview of each of these theories of motivation. The main content theories are: Maslow ’ s needs hierarchy, Alderfer’s ERG theory, McClelland’s achievement motivation and Herzberg’s two-factor theory. Motivation is a dynamic and continuous process. INTEGRATING THEORIES OF MOTIVATION PIERS STEEL University of Calgary CORNELIUS J. KONIG¨ Universita¨t Zu¨rich Progress toward understanding human behavior has been hindered by discipline-bound theories, dividing our efforts. Satisfaction of one need gives rise to another so managers have to continuously perform the function of motivation.
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